Wednesday, August 31, 2016

ENT Specialists- Medical Doctors responsible for ears, nose and throat

ENT specialists are also known as otolaryngologists. They are medical specialists trained to treat conditions of the ear, nose and throat. They are qualified to provide surgical treatments when required for the ears, nose or related structures of the head and neck. With emphasis on treating the diseases of the ears, nasal passages, sinuses or the larynx and pharynx.

The organs they treat include:

The Ear:

Includes diagnosis and treatment of medical and surgical treatment for hearing disorders, ear infections and balance disorders. They are also responsible for the management of congenital birth or cancerous disorders of the outer and inner ear.


The Nose:

The ENT specialist provides optimal care for disorders of the nasal cavity and sinuses, paranasal sinuses, allergies and nasal respiration. As a part of the ENTs extra area of expertise, he provides surgical care for the external appearance of the nose thereby assisting plastic surgeons.

The Throat:

The Otolaryngologists manage the diseases of the larynx and the upper digestive tract to monitor any problems that may be associated with breathing and swallowing. In addition to treating the head and neck, ENT doctors are trained to treat infectious diseases including benign and malignant tissues or any type of facial trauma. They may also perform cosmetic and reconstructive surgery.

ENTs working in a team:

The ENT specialist may work with a team of doctors across different medical and surgical specialties to treat skull based disorders or in correcting cosmetic and traumatic deformities. They may assist ophthalmology doctors for treating abnormalities near the eye or oral surgery experts for treating problems near the jaw in case of dental trauma.

Training and specialization:

To be an ENT specialist one must undergo rigorous training and complete 15 years of college.  To be able to practice in the USA, one must qualify for certification from the American Board of Otolaryngology. Additionally, aspirants may undergo one or two-year fellowship for better training in any of the sub-specialty areas including:

•    Pediatric otolaryngology
•    Otology/neurotology (ears and balance.)
•    Allergy
•    Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery
•    Head and neck surgery.

Most often, to hone professional skills and to excel in a sub-specialty, ENT specialists limit their practices to any of the seven areas. If you wish to reach leading ENT doctors, Top HealthCare Leads can be a good option. At Top Healthcare Leads we ensure that marketers get access to authentic databases. The ENT specialist database is one such useful list for effective communication with the experts.With a list of ENT specialists mailing addresses the email database provider facilitates effective business communication.

Monday, August 29, 2016

Dental Laboratories- Hygiene In The Dental Laboratory

Dentistry and medicine are like two sides of a coin as what happens in the body may manifest the signs and symptoms in the mouth and vice versa.

Studies have shown that microorganisms can proliferate in dental impressions and other dental gear. The microbes may even include life threatening ones like fungi and viruses since they thrive in the environment for days. Hence it becomes important to maintain hygiene across dental laboratories.

Where do microbes proliferate?

•    Prostheses is one of the most probable areas where contamination may occur.
•    Operatory surfaces can also get contaminated with microbes.
•    External items entering the laboratory and dental clinics may carry microbes.
•    Spread of microbes during production and storage is common.

Besides, the operatory surfaces may also become contaminated with patient saliva, other fluids and blood. Awareness is thus necessary to prevent the spread of infection and occurrence of cross –contamination. Care at the initial steps prevents cross contamination.

Since dental laboratories become the breeding ground for micro-organisms, it becomes mandatory for health professionals to check and take precautionary measures before choosing the ideal dental laboratories.

•    Check if the lab staff is trained in infection control to ensure the hospital and dental clinic is safe to get complex treatments done.
•   The procedures involved in disinfecting the item before it is returned to the dental office.
•    Does the lab heat sterilizing lathe wheels, burs, and materials used in manufacturing.
•    Ensure that the surfaces of labs that are involved in manufacturing are cleaned and disinfected.





Dental impression is the breeding ground for bacteria and virus and there are simple steps to ensure that the dental impressions are cleansed to prevent microbial

Simple Steps To Clean Dental Impressions

1.    Rinse the dental impressions under tap water to get rid of any infected debris
2.    Use hospital grade disinfectant to disinfect.
3.    Rinse thoroughly under tap water to get rid of even minimal amount of residual chemicals.
4.    Shake well to remove adherent water.

The above steps would rid the dental impressions of any microbes or residual chemicals and promote dental hygiene.

In addition to following the above guidelines, one must also take care to ensure that all items coming from the oral cavity should be sterilized or disinfected before resuming work in the laboratory. The final disinfection process should be given importance. Healthcare marketers looking for seamless business communication for the sale and promotion of dental amalgam, braces and more may invest in the valid dental laboratories email list to get good response.

Staying healthy is an individual choice and when optimal care is given to dental hygiene a significant part of the body is covered. Oral hygiene plays a crucial role in ensuring that marketers get the most sanitized environment to get medical treatment or surgeries done. To reach decision makers across dental labs, the mailing databases from Top Healthcare Leads will be of great assistance.

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

The 5 types of ethical framework in Gynecology

Obstetrics and Gynecology is the medical specialty that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and disorders of the reproductive system. The speciality includes preventative care, prenatal care and the accurate detection of sexually transmitted diseases. Obstetrics and Gynecology specialists are also trained to conduct pap test screening at medical laboratories and family planning. They are adept at providing care for the female reproductive organs and management of pregnancy.

On the educational front an obstetrician /gynaecologist is a physician who has successfully completed education and training in the management of pregnancy, labor and the time period following childbirth. Most physicians vary in terms of their familiarity with ethical theories and methods or their sensitivity towards ethical issues pertaining to healthcare. Often patients prefer Obstetrician–Gynecologists who are familiar with the concepts of medical ethics.

Why is ethics integral to gynecology:

Ethics has played an important role in the history of medicine, manifesting during the time of Hippocrates about 2,500 years ago. With the burgeoning trends in medical technology, gynecology is one department that has faced complex ethical questions regarding assisted reproductive technologies, use of genetic information and prenatal diagnosis to list a few. There are 5 types of ethical frameworks and perspectives and they are explored as follows:

Principle-Based Ethics

In recent times medical ethics is dominated by principle-based ethics where 4 main principles offer systematic ways to identify, analyse, and address ethical issues, problems, and dilemmas.
The four principles are:
•    Respect for patient autonomy
•    Beneficence
•    Non-maleficence
•    Justice.

Virtue Ethics

Virtue ethics is a value based approach that relies on qualities of character. It encourages health professionals to make choices for the overall well-being of patients and respect their autonomous choices. The qualities may include prudence, trustworthiness, fairness, fortitude, integrity, self-effacement, and compassion. It is however interesting to note that virtues may not replace principles and some virtues correlate with principles and allow people to act based on those principles.

Care-Based Ethics

Care-based ethics include the dimensions of moral experience which most often remain excluded from the age-old ethical theories.  Care-based ethics is concerned with responsibilities that arise from attachment to individuals. This perspective lays emphasis on context and less importance to principles and rules.

Feminist Ethics

As the name suggests feminist ethics employs tools of feminist theory to study ethical issues in 3 distinctive ways.
•    It indicates the impact of the conception of sex and how it distorts people`s view on the world specifically gendered conceptions.  The theory showcases how the human society is male cantered.
•    Often feminist thinkers have argued that empathy is vital to moral reasoning in ethical conduct of medical care.
•    Besides, the theory lays emphasis and redresses the ways in which the gendered concepts have highlighted restraints on women.

Case-Based Reasoning

Case based reasoning is the final approach and it is equivalent to the role of case law in jurisprudence. It is similar in that the cases and their interpretation provides moral guidance. It gives more importance to the good practise over ethical theory and moral principles.

Thus we infer that medical ethics is a system of moral principles. It adds values and judgments to the practise of medicine and as a scholarly discipline medical ethics incorporates the practical application in clinical settings. It may add and work on the history, philosophy, and sociology aspects too.

Leading obstetrician-gynaecologists are often key decision makers in healthcare sectors and if you are a healthcare marketer what better way to achieve business excellence than by investing in the obstetrician-gynaecologists email addresses to connect with them. Reach them at their office address with email and telemarketing campaigns by choosing the mailing lists from a reliable source like Top Healthcare Leads.

The world of medical care is evolving at a never before pace. However, there may be contradicting opinions based on the justification of the ethical procedures and its impact on different specializations in medical science. It is important to note that the ethics were added in the first place to ensure that medical practises are carried out smoothly and that the human populace is emphasized with, in times of crisis and also to foster fair decision making skills based on set principles. Ethics has been crucial and will continue its reign as an integral part of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

List Source: Obstetrician-Gynaecologists Email List

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Monday, August 8, 2016

Mammography- Pros and Cons of medical imaging


The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has recommended mammography once every two years for women between the ages of 50 and 74. It is quite alarming to note that ¾ of women diagnosed with breast cancer have no family history of the disease. Since many women worldwide are unaware of when to get a mammogram done, there are public service announcements that are aired nationwide to provide a clear picture of the benefits and the facilities available near them.

What is mammography?

Mammography is the technique used in diagnosing cancerous cells in the mammary glands using low energy X-Rays. The primary goal of mammography is the early detection of breast cancer characterized by the presence of micro calcification. Early detection ensures timely treatment and recovery.

The benefits and risks involved in breast imaging:

Invasive ductal, invasive lobular whatever be the type of cancer it sure is alarming. In most cases early diagnosis is not possible hence it becomes life threatening, leading to higher mortality rates. Hence low intensity breast imaging is recommended.

•    Imaging enables a physician to detect small tumors, when the cancer is still in its nascent form. Detected early, the cancer can be treated with multiple options.
•    Mammography is the best way to detect abnormal tissue growth in the milk ducts known as ductal carcinoma insitu.
•    Low energy X-Ray imaging is ideal for detection of different types of breast cancer like invasive ductal and invasive lobular cancer.
•    X-rays are devoid of side effects in the typical diagnostic range.

Disadvantages of Mammography:

•    Certain types of cancer may trigger owing to overexposure to radiation.
•    Around 5-15% of screening mammograms require further testing like ultrasound. In case of doubt, a follow-up biopsy is recommended.
•    Repeated cancer screening is not recommended for pregnant women or women with other health complication

Breast examination and cancer screening when carried out periodically is a must for women in the high risk group. However, mammography has its limitations:

Unique Mammary Glands

•    The interpretations of mammograms can be difficult as normal breast looks different for each woman.
Higher breast density

•    Increased breast density may also impact the clarity of the mammography and may in turn increase the risk of getting breast cancer.

Breast implants

•    Breast implants may impede the mammogram findings resulting in botched diagnosis. Hence women with implants should ask for special facility that accommodates imaging for individuals with implants.

Despite the many shortcomings, mammography is the best screening method for early detection of cancer. Meeting radiation oncologist at the right time can be a wise decision.  Research is on to provide the best protocol to manage and help screen breast cancer. Marketers of medical imaging equipment, and pharmaceuticals may invest in the authentic mammography email list. Compiled from reliable global sources the mailing list of mammography specialists is a must for health care marketers.

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List source: Mammography specialist email list