Tuesday, August 16, 2016

The 5 types of ethical framework in Gynecology

Obstetrics and Gynecology is the medical specialty that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and disorders of the reproductive system. The speciality includes preventative care, prenatal care and the accurate detection of sexually transmitted diseases. Obstetrics and Gynecology specialists are also trained to conduct pap test screening at medical laboratories and family planning. They are adept at providing care for the female reproductive organs and management of pregnancy.

On the educational front an obstetrician /gynaecologist is a physician who has successfully completed education and training in the management of pregnancy, labor and the time period following childbirth. Most physicians vary in terms of their familiarity with ethical theories and methods or their sensitivity towards ethical issues pertaining to healthcare. Often patients prefer Obstetrician–Gynecologists who are familiar with the concepts of medical ethics.

Why is ethics integral to gynecology:

Ethics has played an important role in the history of medicine, manifesting during the time of Hippocrates about 2,500 years ago. With the burgeoning trends in medical technology, gynecology is one department that has faced complex ethical questions regarding assisted reproductive technologies, use of genetic information and prenatal diagnosis to list a few. There are 5 types of ethical frameworks and perspectives and they are explored as follows:

Principle-Based Ethics

In recent times medical ethics is dominated by principle-based ethics where 4 main principles offer systematic ways to identify, analyse, and address ethical issues, problems, and dilemmas.
The four principles are:
•    Respect for patient autonomy
•    Beneficence
•    Non-maleficence
•    Justice.

Virtue Ethics

Virtue ethics is a value based approach that relies on qualities of character. It encourages health professionals to make choices for the overall well-being of patients and respect their autonomous choices. The qualities may include prudence, trustworthiness, fairness, fortitude, integrity, self-effacement, and compassion. It is however interesting to note that virtues may not replace principles and some virtues correlate with principles and allow people to act based on those principles.

Care-Based Ethics

Care-based ethics include the dimensions of moral experience which most often remain excluded from the age-old ethical theories.  Care-based ethics is concerned with responsibilities that arise from attachment to individuals. This perspective lays emphasis on context and less importance to principles and rules.

Feminist Ethics

As the name suggests feminist ethics employs tools of feminist theory to study ethical issues in 3 distinctive ways.
•    It indicates the impact of the conception of sex and how it distorts people`s view on the world specifically gendered conceptions.  The theory showcases how the human society is male cantered.
•    Often feminist thinkers have argued that empathy is vital to moral reasoning in ethical conduct of medical care.
•    Besides, the theory lays emphasis and redresses the ways in which the gendered concepts have highlighted restraints on women.

Case-Based Reasoning

Case based reasoning is the final approach and it is equivalent to the role of case law in jurisprudence. It is similar in that the cases and their interpretation provides moral guidance. It gives more importance to the good practise over ethical theory and moral principles.

Thus we infer that medical ethics is a system of moral principles. It adds values and judgments to the practise of medicine and as a scholarly discipline medical ethics incorporates the practical application in clinical settings. It may add and work on the history, philosophy, and sociology aspects too.

Leading obstetrician-gynaecologists are often key decision makers in healthcare sectors and if you are a healthcare marketer what better way to achieve business excellence than by investing in the obstetrician-gynaecologists email addresses to connect with them. Reach them at their office address with email and telemarketing campaigns by choosing the mailing lists from a reliable source like Top Healthcare Leads.

The world of medical care is evolving at a never before pace. However, there may be contradicting opinions based on the justification of the ethical procedures and its impact on different specializations in medical science. It is important to note that the ethics were added in the first place to ensure that medical practises are carried out smoothly and that the human populace is emphasized with, in times of crisis and also to foster fair decision making skills based on set principles. Ethics has been crucial and will continue its reign as an integral part of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

List Source: Obstetrician-Gynaecologists Email List

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Monday, August 8, 2016

Mammography- Pros and Cons of medical imaging


The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force has recommended mammography once every two years for women between the ages of 50 and 74. It is quite alarming to note that ¾ of women diagnosed with breast cancer have no family history of the disease. Since many women worldwide are unaware of when to get a mammogram done, there are public service announcements that are aired nationwide to provide a clear picture of the benefits and the facilities available near them.

What is mammography?

Mammography is the technique used in diagnosing cancerous cells in the mammary glands using low energy X-Rays. The primary goal of mammography is the early detection of breast cancer characterized by the presence of micro calcification. Early detection ensures timely treatment and recovery.

The benefits and risks involved in breast imaging:

Invasive ductal, invasive lobular whatever be the type of cancer it sure is alarming. In most cases early diagnosis is not possible hence it becomes life threatening, leading to higher mortality rates. Hence low intensity breast imaging is recommended.

•    Imaging enables a physician to detect small tumors, when the cancer is still in its nascent form. Detected early, the cancer can be treated with multiple options.
•    Mammography is the best way to detect abnormal tissue growth in the milk ducts known as ductal carcinoma insitu.
•    Low energy X-Ray imaging is ideal for detection of different types of breast cancer like invasive ductal and invasive lobular cancer.
•    X-rays are devoid of side effects in the typical diagnostic range.

Disadvantages of Mammography:

•    Certain types of cancer may trigger owing to overexposure to radiation.
•    Around 5-15% of screening mammograms require further testing like ultrasound. In case of doubt, a follow-up biopsy is recommended.
•    Repeated cancer screening is not recommended for pregnant women or women with other health complication

Breast examination and cancer screening when carried out periodically is a must for women in the high risk group. However, mammography has its limitations:

Unique Mammary Glands

•    The interpretations of mammograms can be difficult as normal breast looks different for each woman.
Higher breast density

•    Increased breast density may also impact the clarity of the mammography and may in turn increase the risk of getting breast cancer.

Breast implants

•    Breast implants may impede the mammogram findings resulting in botched diagnosis. Hence women with implants should ask for special facility that accommodates imaging for individuals with implants.

Despite the many shortcomings, mammography is the best screening method for early detection of cancer. Meeting radiation oncologist at the right time can be a wise decision.  Research is on to provide the best protocol to manage and help screen breast cancer. Marketers of medical imaging equipment, and pharmaceuticals may invest in the authentic mammography email list. Compiled from reliable global sources the mailing list of mammography specialists is a must for health care marketers.

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Top HealthCare Leads is a leading provider of medical email databases. For more details write to us at info@tophealthcareleads.com
or call us on 800 348 8535

List source: Mammography specialist email list

Monday, July 11, 2016

Unique work challenges faced by Mental Health Professionals


A couple of days back, while finding nothing else to do on a weekend, I decided to run through some old DVDs to see if something catches my attention. I found an old DVD of the 2003 teen-comedy Freaky Friday and decided to watch it on a whim. While I thoroughly enjoyed every bit of the movie, there was a particular scene that intrigued me immensely. The part when the soul-and-body of Jamie Lee Curtis (mother/psychologist) and Lindsay Lohan (daughter) are switched and the professional responsibilities of the psychologist mother fall on the daughter. Of course the scenes of professional counseling and the interview are dealt with ample humor, but it made me think of how challenging the role of a psychologist, psychiatrist or any other mental health professional could be. So why not look at some of the most poignant ones?


Challenges as a Mental Health Professional

5 Challenges faced by Mental Health Professionals

Lack of Appropriate Assessment and Testing Methods

This is by far the most crucial challenge every mental health worker comes by. Western methods of assessment and testing though well-developed are not foolproof especially when taking diverse cultural concepts into context. Linguistic barriers, differences in scale and norms etc. may lead to providing inadequate or erroneous services for diagnosis, therapy, medication etc. Since there is no definitive solution to the problem, it is advisable for professionals to begin with the practice of patient narration. Not only will it help them to understand the patient’s problems and priorities, but will also give them time to assess the problem and identify behavioral traits and patterns for drawing conclusions.

Professional Confidentiality


Trust is the binding factor between a patient and his/her mental health counselor. There are unfortunately times when the trust has to be breached slightly for either a medical cause or a court order. For instance a psychologist may have to reveal details about a patient if his/her physician requires it for medical treatment. This of course raises an ethical question as how much to reveal and hide. It is advisable at such times that counselors communicate the same to their patients and explain the need of the hour, so as to maintain their confidence and remain true to this professional ethics.

 Maintaining Confidentiality as a Mental Health Counselor


Inadequate Funding

It is estimated that in the United States, one in 25 adults required counseling for mental health problem making it necessary to include it prominently in the healthcare systems. Though efforts in this field have been make with the government making way for $115 million for mental health initiatives in 2014, there is much more work required. The challenges grow as one move from urban to rural areas where lack of funding gives rise to more difficulties in assessment, diagnosis and therapy. There are as such many counties in rural USA that lack skilled and practicing social workers, psychologists and psychiatrists due to inadequate funding. Inadequate funding also makes it difficult to provide services in locations such as homeless shelters, refugee camps etc. where the need for counseling services for trauma and crisis are all the more necessary.

Gap in demand and supply

It is obvious that the demand for mental health professionals is more than the supply. Whether it is for psychiatric disorders or psychological problems stemming from poverty, discrimination, family issues, unemployment, bullying etc., the need for mental health services have been on the rise steadily. Several factors including social, political and economic difficulties have given rise to the demand. It is not surprising therefore that professionals often find it challenging to address the demand and provide suitable therapy. Moreover, for non-drug therapy the lack of any comprehensive standards makes it all the more challenging to determine the safety and accuracy of treatment provided.

Extended Working Hours

While the role of no medical practitioner is strictly a 40-45 hours/week job, the pressure is more for a mental health worker. The counselor has to be ready to attend on patients even at odd hours, which often may take a toll on their health and happiness.

To sum it up, it’s no child’s play to become a contemporary mental health worker. With the burden of growing number of ethno-cultural patients their role involves doing more than just offering empathy and empowerment.

Written for Top Healthcare Leads by Megan Andrews. Megan heads the Content Marketing team and loves to travel and take photographs. She has travelled across 7 countries and chronicles her experiences in her personal blogs and social media.

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Monday, June 13, 2016

Five things you should know about Veterinarians

When people speak of veterinarian doctors or vets (as they are common known as) they usually refer to doctors for domestic animals like dogs and cats. Though there is more to the role of a veterinary than taking care of small animals, research shows that the veterinary care industry makes over 80% of their revenue by taking care of cats and dogs and other smaller animals. This being said, it is also erroneous to assume that veterinary doctors and technicians have a safe working environment with over 61% veterinaries reporting incidents of animal-related injuries caused on duty. So before coming to conclusions about veterinarians here are some facts about them that people should be familiar with:


Five things to know about being a Veterinary Doctor

Great career prospects: The career prospects for a pet doctor are extremely high, especially in the United States and Europe. In 2010 for instance, 61,000 jobs were offers to animal doctors across the USA, and the number is expected to keep rising considering the BLS predicting a 9% growth in job prospects by 2024. Even the U.S. government employs more than 1000 civilian veterinarians annually.

Vets are animal doctors and they too have specialties: Though the majority of veterinarians in the United States (almost 70% to be specific) treat small animals like cats and dogs, veterinarians like medical physicians can also specialize based on their interests and abilities. After acquiring their license in veterinary medicine they may choose to further specialize in animal dentistry, dermatology, behavioral genetics, cardiology, exotic animal surgery and medicine etc. Some of the common types of veterinarians include: Equine veterinarians, Research veterinarians, Companion animal veterinarians, Food animal veterinarians, Food Safety and Inspection veterinarians etc.


They have different work settings: Though the majority of vets work in veterinary clinics, especially after their medical licenses, there are several others who get into research, or studies related to animals and medical science, or even clinical research. For those that choose to pursue a career as a veterinarian can be seen across hospitals and clinics, zoos, animal shelters and homes, etc. making up almost 74% in the veterinary service industry. There are others who work with federal government, animal production, medical colleges etc. while others who work specifically with horses and farm animals oscillate between their offices and place of work. Those working in food safety and inspection on the other hand can be seen in food processing farms, slaughterhouses etc. The point is, as a veterinarian one may have diverse work settings that come with its own set of challenges. They may practice in a group or solo and working hours may differ greatly; they also have to deal with the emotional demands of pet owners and comprehend the mute messages of the animals.

The majority of Veterinarians are Women: Like Nurses and Nursing professionals, most Veterinarians are also women. It has been seen that almost 80% of the students who register for the program are women.

Being a Vet Doctor requires people skills: It’s a fact that Vets not only study symptoms in animals to identify illnesses and diseases but should have an acute understanding of human mind as well. Considering that over 60% of all disease-causing-agents are transferred from animals to humans, it’s not surprising that veterinarians are the only doctors who get to study humans and animals in order to render better treatment. In fact, veterinarians are so trained that they can easily identify when one is lying to them.

Veterinarians as such must have a sincere understanding of animals and have very good people skills as well. So if you have a visit to the animal doctor planned, make sure you are familiar with these facts!

To marketers, pharmaceutical companies, food manufacturing companies, CME providers etc. we at Top Healthcare Leads recommend trusting our Veterinarian email list for reaching out to leading Veterinarian Doctors in order to form business associations with them.

Alternatively, you can also reach us on our Toll Free Number: 800 348 8535
Or write in to us at: info@tophealthcareleads.com

Sources: eHow, BLS, Factsbarn